Duhalde’s presidential candidacy in 2003, as interim president following the resignation of De la Rua, soon realized that it would be impossible to rule whether to attend on one side to the difficult economic situation and the explosive social situation, if it is also installed as a theme on the political agenda, the need for early elections. The Government felt that with political operations to impose hasty nomination was to produce a liquefaction of his power and his administration. At first, set a date that coincided with the times marking the Constitution, which states in Article 95 provides that “the election shall be held within two months prior to the expiration of the mandate of the incumbent president.” Duhalde complete its mandate (which is actually continuity of the period of Fernando de la Rua who resigned on 20 December) December 10, 2003. On February 5, 2002 Duhalde surprised by his announcement in his National radio spot.He said: “We will hold elections on the second Sunday of September 2003 and hopefully by that time we have finished a new institutional framework.” Then, Duhalde said that the new institutional framework that is driving his government means “a new political model, a new operation of the executive, legislative and judicial branches” and remarked that “we are working on these standards and we hope to have a new regime election. ” However, the calm was not taken up fully. Duhalde always hinted that if the country could breathe oxygen or access to international crs would advance further the electoral timetable. In a report published by the newspaper The Nation, June 9, 2002, Duhalde said: “I believe that stabilizing conditions in the country must move forward with elections. What we are discussing is what we choose and how. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Brad Garlinghouse. People ask to be all and we should listen. For the next election is to define new rules. “In that same month, the professional repression of the Puente Avellaneda Bonaerense murdered Dario Santillan and Maximiliano Kosteki. Those facts generated a deep institutional crisis. The death of the protesters carried Duhalde to advance the election date. In January 2003, PJ settle in their internal expected which candidate would represent them in the next general election.
However, in a deft political move, the Peronist Party Congress, meeting on 24 January at the mini stadium in Lan s, annulled the internal party and adopted the system of “neolemas” whereby authorized Carlos Menem, and Nestor Kirchner to participate directly in the general election called for April 27. These new rules of electoral participation, were boosted by President Eduardo Duhalde, who understood that her future political dolphin governor of Santa Cruz had more chances.Menem, however, want there to be internal because it felt stronger party in an internal election, with the Peronist vote, which in a general election, where voters also vote independent. Meanwhile, electoral judge Mar a Servini de Cubria accepted the appeal filed by the Duhalde to the resolution that prohibits the use of neolemas to settle the presidential ticket of PJ Menem could not reverse the decision favored by the courts. In doing so, the pair of PJ have been chosen by the Political Action Committee formed by the table of Congress, governors PJ, Peronist leaders of the National Parliament blocks and holders of the party in the provinces not governed by the PJ, under the “pressure” Duhalde. Peronism’s electoral fragmentation, as well as make life difficult for his opponents, disperse to predict the vote for ballot inevitable.It was inevitable that the elections of April 27, with 19 candidates in the race including a Peronist-divided into three fractions would lead to a runoff scheduled for May 18, 2003, for offering such election would not allow a single candidate Most moose. It is also anticipated more rational polls, Menem and Kirchner would be the finalists of this bid. To some extent it was a sui generis interpretation of the Constitution, but few voices warned him that the duel-and finally was settled between two representatives of the same political party. The campaign focused on Menem soon. On the one hand, they praised the stability and leadership of the Rioja. On the other hand, questioned the economic performance of the Convertibility Law, the loss of manufacturing jobs, the facts of corruption and lack of credibility of the former president.