This pathology is considered as a medical emergency it must in such a way be taken care of (3). Therefore, one perceives necessity of if identifying the first symptoms to it in the daily pay-hospital attendance, beyond the communication with the emergency institution, so that this, in turn, comes if to prepare to take care of to the patient and the necessary cares with agility in the hospital environment. The cares of the professionals who act in the emergency of a hospital are vital for the survival and one better prognostic concerning this pathology, being fit the professional nurse as operating and co-ordinating the emergency sector, where this, many times, is who together receives with the team from nursing the patient at first moment and still it will carry through the continuous accompaniment after the evaluation and medical therapeutical choice. In this article, objective to analyze the described knowledge in the literature related to the assistance of nursing to the acometido patient of AVC, way to consider the daily actions that contribute for the control of iatrogenias of the citizens taken care of in sectors of hospital emergency. METHODOLOGY Is about a bibliographical research, of descriptive nature, carried through by means of a data-collecting concerning the Systematization of the Assistance of Nursing applied to the given clinical care in the sector of Emergency for the professional nurse. For the elaboration of the research it was necessary to consult scientific books, articles and too much scientific works that contemplated pertinent subjects to the process of emergencial nursing for patients with AVC. For the collection of data a revision of the literature of publications in the area of health through the consultation of scientific articles and books concerning the subject in the period of January was effected the February of 2011. The described ones chosen had been: Nurse, Hospital, Neurovascular Emergency, AVC, Process of Nursing, To take care of. addresses the importance of the matter here.