Wooden barrels and bladders filled with oil or kerosene, loaded on wagons and thus brought to the place. Or on the water – in oak, and later steel drums. This method of transportation was very expensive, the cost of oil was too high. As a result, the first having begun the production of kerosene, Russia was unable to deliver it at affordable prices even in the domestic market: kerosene were bought in America. In 1863 this problem became interested in DI Mendeleev.
As a way to transport petroleum products, he suggested not in barrels and in the holds of ships specially designed method of loading. This method of transportation called ‘Russian way’. Ten years later, when the idea was implemented brothers Artemiev and fully justified, the method proposed by the great Russian scientist, became commonplace. Another convenient means of transporting petroleum products became railway. In 1878, in order to meet rapidly growing demand for petroleum products, issued a decree on the establishment of railway Baku – Surakhani – Sabunchi length of 20 km.
Its construction was completed January 20, 1880. Oil first began to be transported in special tanks. Non-piped modes of transportation of petroleum products at the moment for non-piped oil and petroleum products use all kinds of trucks. Oil, gas and their derivatives are highly toxic, explosive and flammable substances, because of their packaging, transport and storage of regulated specific standards. In Russia GOST 1510-84 specifies all the rules for each type of gas and petroleum products – packaging and permissible way to fill the necessary precautions and conditions.