3-A maranhense poetry of century XX: the generation of Nauro Axe. The historical and aesthetic evolution of the Brazilian poetry had that to pay tribute per some years to the evolution of the Portuguese poetry: globally, our literature, as ' said Antonio Cndido; ' it generated in the seio of the Portuguese and depended more on influence of the two or three if constituir' '. Had to such dependence it is that we consider, before making a specific commentary on the generation of Nauro, to make one retrospecto how much to our poetical filiation, either the maranhense, either the Brazilian. Between Centuries XVI and XIX Portuguese Literature conserved a non-removable matrix, that is, the erudite and pompous tradition, with the metafrico cultism and the mitolgicas references (poetry greco-Latin). The tradition in such a way was taken root, that our romantic poets, who they wanted a free poetry of the classic exacerbaes and neoclssicas, still they had almost a predestination to imitate the old ones. But, of any form, if it must to romantic the o legacy of such change. To start for the language and the structure of poems: in the language, the images are simpler and in the structural composition, decasslabo, for example, it loses the ortodoxia of the accents and of you rhyme them obligator.
The verses are shorter, nothing of the hexmetros homricos, but still it was admitted, between the archaic forms, of medievo, soneto camoniano, as if this was necessary poet to show ability to it with the meters you rhyme and them. Victor Hugo, Lamartine, Musset, Byron, Poe, and Leopardi goes to be read in Brazil for Gonalves Days, Castrates Alves, lvares de Azevedo and Sousndrade. The Romantismo goes to be long and influenciador, a time that if presents under gide of great names nailed that it as the triumph of the individualism and the emancipation of I.