On Shrove Tuesday people rejoice the coming of spring, the awakening of the sun and start a new life. A round, gold and hot pancake – a kind of symbol of the holiday and traditional dish carnival week. That is what is known about the origin of the Christian traditions of Carnival. The Byzantine emperor Heraclius (610-640 gg.) After six years of war with the Persian king made a vow not Hozroem eat meat last week before Lent. Byzantium won. Having taken a vow of pious and petition the king, the Holy Church has put into the charter of a seven-day abstinence from meat. Liturgical features and Shrove history of the church charter completely refute the false idea that Carnival goes back only to some pagan customs, such as the burning of effigies in honor of farewell to winter and spring meetings.
For a long time in days Carnival celebrations were weak estate, property and official distinction. By the holiday table could be invited to base things of people, pilgrims, beggars. Pancake Day for the entire week of fun, fun, and tradition has always have established the sequence. This is reflected in the name of oil-days. Monday is called a "meeting". This day started pancakes, and the first pancake usually gave to the poor in remembrance of the dead. Also on Monday, constructed ice slides, swings and booths, scarecrow dressed Carnival.
Tuesday is called "zaigryshi." Young people riding in the mountains, eating pancakes and invited to visit relatives and friends. In wooden booths gave theater representation. On this day, the fortress was erected and organized ice comic battles. On Wednesday, the "gourmet" in every family put on the table and serves pancakes. In the cities established stalls with hot and was brought down, and Russian cakes, tea from a samovar. People skate on the ice slides, swings and rides, staged fistfights. Friday was famous for "Teschin evenings." Saturday – "zolovkiny gatherings" – young bride hosted a family, invites zolovok (sisters husband) and gave them gifts. In Forgiveness Sunday – the last day of Carnival – decided to ask forgiveness from God and each other. Festivities ended. On icy hills planted fires to break the ice and get rid of a cold. On this day, burnt effigy of Carnival, and the ashes dispels the fields for a good harvest.