Owners and sellers of heavy Chinese trucks can breathe a sigh of relief: for their "pets" in St. Petersburg opened a shop of spare parts. Verizon has compatible beliefs. This event will greatly ease the life and the two, noting with some perseverance over the past three years, Chinese auto industry recaptures the Russian market by European suppliers of tractors for sale, sale, trailers and other heavy-duty equipment. Of course, the main advantage of "Chinese" before the cargo foreign cars is their low price (trucks cost $ 25-55 thousand, depending on load. Japanese or Korean trucks at $ 100 thousand). However, a few years ago low prices for trucks to buyers getting on the scales, along with rapidly going down the details of this technique. Find new parts was a big problem – "fell" part owners of Chinese trucks and tractors had to collect parts from domestic manufacturers. The most enterprising disassembled for spare parts for its several Chinese trucks – a brand new car or used truck. With this year's range of factory spare parts for Chinese trucks can be purchased in Russia. According to dealers who sell such equipment, without a doubt: Japanese trucks win over the Chinese in longevity, but no producers can not argue with the Chinese on the rate of development of new proposals for the Russian market and the ability to quickly adapt to his needs.
Today the car firmly accustomed to the social life of every person, sometimes to deal with minor questions about this iron horse are very popular. The car is for very many faithful companion and companion around the car and its difficulties can turn lives of large numbers of idle and not personalities. Since the latest cars – this is the extent and attract a beautiful creation of engineering human thought, that does not succumb to the attraction just does not work. Extremely often, but motorists do not know where to go with their topical issues. Previously, garages proved popular destination for communication, there can offer advice and put on the right path for the update and the nuances of driving. At the moment it is absolutely not true.
And garages, and people who attend them, not in a position to become the appropriate environment for communication, if you call yourself a respectable businessman, to the word. This position will save the auto forum. It has everything, without exception, subject matter, questions that appear in the life of motorist. In fact the first steps when you go to driving school, you will need more competent advice of experienced drivers. You will need to understand in what way they can catch on the exam inspectors difficulties particularly difficult to overcome the beginner, and in general the spirit of society motorists, in which you have in mind to enter. Forum will be useful to motorists who choose a car. Here you will learn the advantages and shortcomings of the most various models see testimonials from those who have already purchased this brand.
The thickness of the polyethylene film at face value: for bearing weight w3 kg – 100 microns, bearing a mass of Z. It is not something Gary Kelly would like to discuss. .. 8 kg – 150 microns. Pasting an open interface is a polyethylene film with adhesive layer. I tapered split bearing diameter 200 mm with a mass greater than 5 kg are wrapped separately outer ring and inner rings of blocks. Allowed joint wrapping split bearing provided laying paper or film between the block and the outer ring. Individual parts, canned lanolin emulsion, packaged individually or in a group of inhibited and then waxed paper or plastic bag with a embedded in a inhibited paper.
Individual parts, canned or inhibited IBAC LB oil, packaged in plastic wrap, without pre-wrapping of the initialed paper. Bearings with diameters from 200 to 300 mm mass 8 kg packed in polyethylene bags and then into a package of PVC film with shelf life of 6 years. Allowed to use one packet of polyethylene thickness of 200 microns at face value. When packed in polyethylene excess air bags are removed by suction or otzhatiem. Allowed an additional package to the second plastic bag with a bag of silica gel between the bags. Bearings, weighing more than W kg packed by direct bearing winding strips of waxed paper capacitors and plastic film through the holes. Permitted other methods and materials inside the package to ensure the safety of bearings and protect them from corrosion. Packing boxes and bearings in packs of cardboard. General packaging requirements of bearings in the box and packs are installed GOST 520-89 and are as follows: bearings with outer diameter of 300 mm, weighing up to 8kg of accuracy classes 5,4, 2, and bearing accuracy classes and six special purpose must be packed in boxes or bundles (TU 37.006.096-89) instrument bearings with outer diameter of 30 mm of accuracy classes are packaged in boxes, with the bearing accuracy classes 6, 5, 4, 2, T pre-packaged in plastic tubes or plastic bags.
Motorists generally tinted car that would hide from other people's views and do not even think about what toning can prevent carjacking. Who would have thought that tinting your car can save him from Theft! Every day in Moscow on statistics more than 10 vehicles hijacked. Car glass are the weakest and secure way of penetration into the vehicle. That would break normal glass car dubbing without film, the thief or hijacker takes only two seconds, at best, then you can not to count the radio or pager, and at worst, and the car itself. According to tests conducted with toned glass that would get in the car took about 40 seconds. Time of course is not very significant, but how much was the noise and rumble. For more clarity and thought, follow up with cloud computing and gain more knowledge..
According to statistics, 60% penetration in the car and theft from a car going through the glass car. Toned through car window is not visible contents of the compartment, thereby reducing the possibility of becoming a victim of theft. Tinted car window glass increases the resistance to breaking. In the case of Accident toning through its adhesive layer holds shattered glass in place and prevents them scatter in the car and injuring passengers. It is also dubbing the film does not transmit ultraviolet rays, and direct sunlight What is excluded from burning upholstery and deformation of plastic panels. Take care of your car for yourself and your loved ones – zatoniruyte your car. Tinted car full availability of service in Moscow and other cities, the cost of rendering the car is about 3000r for toning the entire car without a windshield. The main thing to choose a quality car tinting film dubbing, film for cheap Chinese 200r can only do harm. Good dubbing center
Assessment of a car key objectives of the evaluation of cars and other vehicles at the moment can be identified only three: 1. Assessment of car for registration of inheritance. For even more details, read what Coupang says on the issue. In this case the estimate for the car purposes of calculating the notary fees (0.3% of market value for the direct heirs, and 0.6% of market value for the other heirs). You must provide a copy of a death certificate, the Title on the car and passport Customer, it is desirable to one of the heirs. Assessment of the car is on the date of death of the owner. The cost of independent evaluation of the car in Moscow for the inheritance is from 1 500 rubles. 2.
Score Car the sale of a legal entity or its employee on the side. In this case the evaluation to minimize the risk of tax for income tax in the context of calculating the amount of the tax base. In this case, PTAs need to provide a car and details of the owner and customer evaluation. You will also need to indicate the vehicle's mileage. Assessment of a car in this case occurs on a date close to the current date. The total market value of the vehicle should ideally strive to its residual value in order to minimize tax payments. Cost of service will be from 1500 rubles. If you need to evaluate small car park or your organization intends to continue to use our services, then in such cases, we provide significant discounts on subsequent calls.
Every time motorists in winter raises the same important question that it's time to rank in the category of rhetorical: Is it worth to warm up the engine? Typically, after viewing the forums and Internet conferences head starts go round the number of tips and explanations that are often wrong. We're not going to 'load' the reader extra information, and will try to light and understandable way to explain whether or not to heat the car or no. Today there are two 'camps': the owners of cars with electronic fuel injection, as well as those who have to travel to morally and physically obsolete vehicles. No prizes for guessing what the supporters of a short warm-up more among the former and accordingly those who prefer 'protopit' motor is higher among the latter. The idea is that a modern car in good condition is designed for sure starting the engine at a temperature of -25 C and it is not required long periods of inactivity in one spot with 'treadeth out the corn' engine. It's no secret that the move from low load engine is warming faster than at idle. As it turned out, it does not harm the car.
Tests showed that the engine wear is almost independent of the duration of heating on the ground. Illustrative example – operating vehicles in different climatic zones. If the heating does affect the 'health' engine the difference in his lifetime to the north and south would be visible, that is, to the naked eye.
Previously oil had to be mixed with gasoline. Today, most two-stroke engines are equipped with separate lubrication when the oil tank from a separate special miniature pumped into the flow of the combustible mixture. Pump performance depends on the degree of rotation of the handle of gas: the greater the power, the oil is fed more. Such a system reduces oil consumption. But it Yet in the end it turns into a combustion chamber and, as it burns down there, though not completely. This explains the blue smoke from the silencer push-pull technology. This smoke than a whole set of harmful substances present and nesgo-revshee fuel flown away into the pipe after gas and oil spray. From the perspective of environmentalists is a huge disadvantage.
In two-stroke engines, there are other drawbacks as well associated with the principle of operation. Oil, diluted gasoline lubricates poorly rubbing parts, and strokes in "dvuhtaktnikov" twice, so their share is much lower. Reduces the durability of parts and constant flushing crankcase air, which there is always a hard sand, "skip" through the air filter. Of unburned oil on the piston in the combustion chamber and the muffler is rapidly formed carbon deposits, piston rings, "occur" in the grooves, because of what the engine power falls. The slightest violation of the oil supply, particularly in hot and heavy until goad conditions may be oil starvation, pregnant with a bully and a piston engine failure.
Two-stroke engine with more naughty run, it can, for example, "throw" a mixture of candle, he is more prone to overheating (no forced cooling). The dramatic opening of the piston of the exit window leads to an unpleasant cod at work, despite the presence of muffler. Finally, moped or motorcycle with a "dvuhtaktnikom" worse than slow the engine. All this taken together led to almost stop the production in developed countries, two-stroke motorcycle engines of more than 125 cm3. The exception is sports motors, where high power density, co-toruyu provides a two-stroke cycle, is a priority. Exploiting the four-stroke engine, one must constantly monitor the level of oil in crankcase, and in time to replenish it in time to replace oil. It is also necessary to monitor and regulate the gaps in the actuator valves. The owner of a scooter with a two-stroke engine should control the availability of oil in the tank, periodically clean the combustion chamber, exhaust pipe and a candle from scale, to monitor the thermal state of the motor.
On automobiles KAMAZ installed eight V-shaped petrol model 740. The cylinder block is a rigid monoblock V-shaped structure. It is cast from gray iron doped as a single unit with the upper part crankcase. Block bore along with covers of indigenous poles, so they are interchangeable, and they are placed in a strictly fixed position. Crankcase part is connected with the root cap bolts bearing cross-bracing, forming a rugged box-section.
To increase the longitudinal stiffness of the outer wall of the block have a curved shape. Lug bolts cylinder heads are evenly distributed around tides of each cylinder transverse walls, forming a water jacket. Due to the fact that at one crank crankshaft journals are two connecting rods, the left cylinder bank offset from the right forward at 29, 5 mm. Cylinder liners of wet type, easily removable, for KAMAZ vehicles manufactured from special cast iron by centrifugal casting, in order to improve hardness and durability are the bulk quenching. Microgeometry mirror shells is a rare grid cavities at an angle to the axis of the sleeve. This treatment helps keep the oil in the depressions and a better running-in ability sleeve. Cylinder head for each individual cylinder, as well as many other parts KAMAZ, made of aluminum alloy, aluminum and have a shirt that communicate with the face of the block. Junction block and cylinder head gasket.
Overflow hole water and oil, as well as head of the contour of a molded rubber gasket sealed. Gas joint – a steel liner, which is deformed steel support ring, pressed on the underside of the head. At the top plane head area is located under the counter rocker valve gear. Cast iron seats and metal valve guide bushings bore after mounting in the head. Valve gear link head aluminum lid is closed, which is placed under seal. Inlet and outlet channels are located on opposite sides of the head. Has a tangential inlet port profile provides swirling motion of air in the cylinder, it is necessary to accelerate the combustion of fuel injected into the engine KAMAZ trucks. The nest is located under the nozzle outlet side at an angle to the cylinder axis.
Modern life sets a new pace, so its main attribute is probably the car that became our constant companion. Every year the number of cars operated by steadily increasing. At This cars are becoming more complex due to the improvement and sophistication of technologies used in their creation. The design of modern cars and the unit requires repair it solely in terms After all, auto service for quality execution of such works are required not only competent and experienced professionals, but also special tools, machinery, tools and devices, existence of a "hand" of necessary spare parts. Also no secret that many drivers are irresponsible to the regular technical inspections, clearly underestimating their importance, hoping to "blow over can." However, the facts (as known, are stubborn things) prove that such practice leads to deterioration of the technical condition of the car and reduce its service life. The whole world knows that for long and reliable operation of the vehicle must undergo maintenance on time, recommending the car manufacturer.
This allows you to significantly reduce the cost of the car – whether it's Toyota, Mitsubishi or conventional Zhiguli. Many car owners are aware of Moscow Autotechcenter M-Club Toyota car service offering and Mitsubishi. The company performs the full range of work: regular inspection, diagnosis, and all kinds of car repairs. Always available for a wide range of spare parts for makes of Toyota, Lexus. Mitsubishi.
The car in the repair requires the jewelry (often micron) accuracy, and not the definition of "the eye" of any parameters or characteristics. Therefore, service station equipped with the latest high-tech equipment for diagnosis that reveals the presence of all! existing problems and issues, gives a real picture of the units, parts and vehicle control units, as well as an assessment of its technical sostoyaniya.Na my opinion. Now new engine is much more difficult their predshestvinnikov. The engine is equipped with variable valve timing system that guarantees a good pickup in almost all the rev range. Fortunately, that in the full According to the dynamic potential of the potential brake system.
If you can afford a big bus with a speed rating (they are 10-15% more expensive) – I would recommend this option active drivers drive. However, do not skimp on the index of the rate, lowering it below the recommended (especially when buying cheap winter tires) – known as the 'better safe than sorry …'. Summer features. This is a series of consumer quality tires that are more fully realized when used in tire temperatures above + 7 C. Adhesion to dry. This indicator measures the brake or coupling properties of the tires when driving on dry hard surface. Influence on this parameter: the mixture of rubber, the contact area of rubber on the road (Closed design), the stability of the contact form (depending on the design of tires).
The best way to evaluate this option – to study the results of objective tests of braking tires, published by reputable journals. Traction in the wet. Determined by the efficiency of braking in the wet solid surfaces. Depends on the presence in the tread compound of the special additives that additional edge strength (blades), the stability of the form contact patch. Objective tests – the best way to evaluate this option.
Manageability – this property is set to follow the bus driver of the trajectory of the car, informative steering reactions. At this setting will affect form the tread pattern rigidity of its central area and the shoulder elements of rubber. For motion in cornering stability is particularly important form of the contact, depending on the design of the tire carcass and the presence of reinforcing layers-breakers.