Archive for October, 2015

The Support

The priorities for action by workers' organizations in this field must respond to the experiences and needs of its members recognized at the local level, so which will take its own characteristics in different workplaces and in different countries. 7. The participation of workers' organizations at all levels – including the organs and bipartite and tripartite systems – is critical to address all issues relating to economic and social development and the environment. For such participation to be effective, unions must increase their training and develop democratic structures. 8. As a first step, any trade union organization has to be internally developed guidelines and action plans for wider environmental protection, adopting this perspective with its long-term goals and strategies for implementing them.

9. The following strategies should be reviewed by the workers' organizations, and receive the support of the ILO: a) Raising the interest of union leaders and members, and the general public. b) education and training. The environmental issues must be incorporated into all workers' education activities, particularly training of trainers and preparation of learning materials at the national level. During the educational process should proceed to define the main topics of interest, integrating them with the further development of the capacity of trade union action and the support and encouragement of the same in this matter. c) We require more technical support to support the work of union members and activists in environmental protection. Should increase the capacity of organizations in the field of information and research. d) Workers' organizations should use their own methods and traditional experience in collective bargaining by incorporating clauses to go "green" to the conventions and to promote measures that go beyond the minimum requirements of the legislation.

Understanding Electronic Invoices

When we invoice the company that usually resolve doubts about the through the appropriate bodies. But And who answered the questions that may arise in the clients of these companies? In other words, yen that instead we can find answers on the subject ordinary citizens? Well, in this article we want to help you understand what benefits they get all the final consumer who receives an electronic invoice. The following are the details: – Speeds up billing procedures for the electronic bill allows the entire process is reduced to a small number of steps. – Is a better control of invoices and you can save each invoice issued in an easy and without tying up physical space. Even your search is easier because the folios are found more quickly. – Loss or damage is avoided because the electronic format a “unlike paper a ” allows the conservation of the bill for years. – A copy of the bill may be sent to your email or e-mail if you wish. The validity is not reduced in either case.

– Whether you’re a regular or occasional customers, the electronic invoice may be issued if requested. – The data you have to provide the undertaking for you to process the invoice are the same data that is often given for paper bills. In that case you will not have additional requirements or learning you data to use this method. Finally, when the electronic bill arrives at your inbox, you should ensure that billing information and amounts are correct, otherwise it will have to report immediately to the corporation to issue a different invoice with the requested corrections. Never will be delivered the same bill corrected, as the folio and signature of each invoice can only be issued once.

Human Resource Development

You see, the definition of its purpose is not about the tasks you do. This is the reason for the tasks. So if you are an employment specialist in HR, its purpose is not to hire people. That is a task. The reason behind the task could be to increase the competitive advantage your company with exceptional people. If you are a web designer, your job is not to build websites.

That is a task. Its purpose is the why of it. Such may be to build the corporate brand or make life easier for its customers. Look beyond his title. In one of my work, my purpose was to help the company develop a culture of success, while in another it was to help build confidence in the corporate brand to new customers give us a chance. The title of my work would never have told you about anyone.

But here is a secret. People who are winning at working, do not wait for someone else, like his boss, to define the purpose of his work. To find out. They define it. Create a vision of themselves. People who are winning at working to explain the work they do supports their organization’s vision, values, goals and objectives. Not satisfied to perform tasks such as the mason first. They are like the second. They want to understand and contribute to the whole. They want to know that what they do in labor. Want to win at work? Define the purpose of his work. And to go beyond their duties.

Cognitive Structure

Cognitive structure is defined as the set of concepts and ideas that an individual possesses about a particular field of knowledge, and the way in which you organized. In the orientation process of learning to acquire new knowledge, it is vitally important to know the student’s cognitive structure, not just a question of knowing how much information they have, but also what are the concepts and propositions which currently manages, and their degree of stability, ie that students have a good mastery of previously acquired knowledge. Human experience involves not only thinking, but also the emotions and only to consider them together enables the individual is to enrich the meaning of their experience. Learning principles proposed by Ausubel, provide the framework for the design of metacognitive tools that provide insight into the organization of the learner’s cognitive structure, allowing better orientation of the educational work, and it will not look like a work to be developed with “white minds” or that the student learning begins from “zero” because it is not, but that learners have a number of experience and knowledge that affect their learning and can be used for their benefit. This tells us that as long there is to know the tools of human cognitive structure, and thus be able to apply teaching techniques. Ausubel summarizes this fact as follows: “If I had to reduce all educational psychology to one principle, enunciate this: The most important factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach accordingly.” As we see Ausubel attaches great importance to the cognitive structure.

Ausubel’s theory is cognitive. Explain the process of learning according to cognitivism. It is concerned with the processes of compression, processing, storage and use of information involved in cognition. The concept of cognition (Latin: cognoscere, “know”) refers to the ability of people to process information from the perception, the acquired knowledge and subjective characteristics to evaluate and consider some aspects over others. Ausubel contends that the cumulative set of concepts in the cognitive structure of each student is unique.

Each person will construct different conceptual links but are involved in the same learning task. Each individual forms a series of conceptual blocks and organized as it is easier to understand and memorize them. The materials can be learned significantly held for relatively long period of time, months or even years. Therefore the cognitive structure is forged during this time. Combinatorial learning occurs when new ideas are potentially significant, because they can relate, because of their similarity, with content appropriate to the overall cognitive structure. The cognitive structure is not static but dynamic, constantly amending and reorganizing for meaningful learning. There are two basic processes: progressive differentiation: as new ideas are incorporated by an element subsumers, they acquire meaning and subsumers element is modified by the incorporation of additional meanings. This process determines a progressive differentiation subsumers item. Reconciliation inclusive: superordinate learning or combinatorial, while new information is acquired, the constituent elements of cognitive structure can reorganize and acquire new meanings, leading to an inclusive reconciliation that involves a progressive differentiation. Conclusions: As seen in this article Ausubel is very focused on the cognitive structure in explaining all their work. Ausubel’s theory is cognitive work but focuses on teaching and learning we have seen that is firmly based on the cognitive structure and now day this explained how teaching techniques should be applied to adults, as such, not as they were in the age of childhood.

Marketing Research

I started to interest me for the thoughts of Sun Tzu after having read in the Eighties the Art of the war, and a phrase in particular called my attention: ' ' all battle is earns before being empreendida' '. Thus the famous strategist said who lived in century IV a.C.Em the market research this if she applies and evident valley very! The importance of the valuable called product information, if makes basic so that if makes an elaborated marketing research well and better to understand the market-target. It must be made use of important information on its field of performance, of its business, in the importance of the competition and clearly of its customers. The process of a research consists of the definition of the problem and its objectives, development of the research plan, collection of information, analysis of these and presentation of the results so that it can be managed. It must, in the principle then to decide if they must collect the data or use given already available. They must also decide on which will be the boarding of the research, as: comment, focal group, survey, experiments and that instruments of the type of questionnaires will have to be used. The main reason to adopt the marketing research is the discovery of a market chance. A time with the concluded research, the company must, carefully, evaluate its chances and decide where markets to enter. In the marketing research it serves to determine what the consumers want and how much they are made use to pay.

Ricca Structure

She is of if considering, therefore, that independently of the size or the branch of activity where they act, all the efforts will have to be undertaken by the managers of the companies, in the direction of its preservation and continuity, therefore thus, the society as a whole will be benefited (LIGHT apud LANSBERG, 2002, P. 03). As Fridman (1994), one of the negative points for the familiar company is the capital scarcity, due to impossibility of these to catch public resources. This makes it difficult the magnifying of the businesses, confuses the maintenance of a state of liquidity for the proprietors and tends to make impracticable the capital increases. However a great enterprise learning of the management exists that operates with limited resources, therefore is difficult to arrive at a consensus if the related scarcity is a negative or positive factor for the organization of familiar structure. Donelley (1980) approaches that some factors exist that are harmful to the continuity of the familiar enterprise when not prevented, go to elencar them. The conflicts of interests between the members of the family that can result in decapitalization of the company in case that it has divergent financial interests as inefficient controlling use, lack of discipline, financial secrecy in addition, nepotism, exacerbo of personal problems with administrative and the lack of lines of direction.

Still according to author, the absence of disciplines how much to the use of the resources, and the distribution of the shares, is another negative point of the related familiar structure, the familiar members want great amounts of the profit, exactly without knowing if it has availability for such. The invariant marketing is also a preoccupying factor for the related institutions, the familiar interests contributes to desnortear the focus that would have to be the satisfaction of the customer. As Ricca (2007), in usually a familiar structure is defined by possesss the control and the command of the organization at the hands of one or more families, father, brother, children, nephews and aggregates, that is, possess the majority of the familiar ones exerting some activity, generally of management, as form to perceive monthly allowance for a reason or purpose remuneration, and conseguinte what if he evidences, are that the majority of these companies who act in such a way findam for closing its doors precociously, where good part do not arrive at second generation and only one very small number arrives at the third generation and a lowermost percentage of these familiar structures reaches fourth.

Organizational Culture

Word-key: communication, organizacional climate, integration, planning. Abstract: This article aims you investigate how the communication takes place in organizations, and also is used a tool will be the achievement of organizational success. Historical conceptual And contexts of communication in organizations ploughs discussed with relevance, once many factors has been changing the social interaction of companies needs, especially when it is concerned you communication practices. In this marries, the importance of understanding the communication process, barriers and obstacles, the interaction between employees, and business sectors well the functioning of the communication system is highly appreciated. Organizational The communication is now considered a mechanism result, vital, especially when we talk about globalized world, where competitiveness is cultivated at the same social teams that permeates responsibility.

Special The present study brings on board with emphasis the importance of internal relations, where the main to player is the employee. In to another words, to maker of all types of process. Organizational The main purpose of communication is you provide it dialogues between to employer and employee and you welcome the uniqueness of each group, creating vehicles and channels focused and directed you its needs, expectations and aspirations of each group. Thus, it is necessary that the employee gets involved and committed with the organization; In return, the organization has you offer appropriate structure will be the full development of activities in to order you overcome the obstacles that may arise daily. The manager' s rolls here is considered instrument will be receiving and transmitting information, who acts monitorial the disseminator and spokesman.

Organizational Thus, we can understand that communication is one of the main channels you achieve to better results, because, through improvements in this area, the goal desired by organizations can be reached. Organizational The success. Keywords: communication, organizational climate, integration, planning. 1Introduo the organizations in general, are living an incessant search for the organizacional success, investing in technologies, training technician and rigorous processes of election in search of talentos that add to the value of the company.

Volkswagen Companies

2008). In accordance with I castrate (2000), the terceirizao must be seen as an advance of the administration techniques, making possible bigger number of companies in functioning, with evident distribution of capital for a bigger number of people, reduction of internal administrative costs, with equivalent reduction of indirect costs, improves of the quality of the services. With the practical one of terceirizar, the employer can until obtaining to diminish the idle time inside of its environment of work and to increase, in this manner, the productivity. Example of this to the Volkswagen company has terceirizado its activities, inside of the proper company, as form of reduction of costs with supplies, expedition, transport and others. (MIRAGLIA, 2008) According to Martins (2001), the main advantage under the administrative aspect would be of if having alternative to also improve the product quality or vendido service and the productivity. It would be a form also of if inside getting a total quality control of company, being that one of the objectives basic of the administrators it is the reduction of the working and previdencirios incubencies, beyond the final markdown of the product. By means of the views of the activities-half so that third they execute, the companies obtain to dedicate with persistence and concentration to the development of its activity-end.

Some advantages exist that the companies can have when terceirizar activities – (SEBRAE half. 2010). simplified administrative Estrutura more; Mais participation and persistence in the activity-end of the company; Concentrao of the talentos in the main business of the company; Reduo of Costs; Maior management of the staff and the tasks; Possibilidade of rescission of in agreement contract preset conditions; Controle of the terceirizada activity on account of the proper company; Menores expenditures with acquisition and maintenance, machines, devices uniforms; Ampliao of market for small business companies. For Miraglia (2008), the lender of services chooses third, that he will be responsible for playing the function contracted for the company-customer, subjecting the terceirizado worker to its directive paper.