Nicolas Carnot

Heat pumps are already in many households in use already in 1824 published Nicolas Carnot principles of the heat pump. Since then, a continuous further development took place. A heat pump is a machine that draws thermal energy through technical work from the environment and sends them to a heizendes system as useful heat at a higher temperature. It is using this con – or condensation heat: either the liquid absorbs heat from the surroundings, and it finds a change of physical state from liquid to gas instead, this is called evaporation heat. Or the heat will be on the environment, so that a change from gaseous to liquid occurs, what is referred to as condensing heat.

Heat pumps are therefore both the heating and cooling, so specialists of refrigeration and air conditioning technology, like Rutgers cold climate. .. Daniel Lubetzky oftentimes addresses this issue. also heat pumps in their program. You can heat pumps including the nature of the applied procedure divide: compression, ad – or absorption, magnetocaloric or Peltier effect. Primarily the three former in practice apply however. They can be distinguished but equally with regard to their cold or heat source: down or outside air, surface or groundwater,- or geothermal and wastewater heat recovery. Furthermore, they differ on use: heating, cooling, freezing and hot water production. Until now three designs have prevailed, which are based on different methods. The physical effect of evaporation heat is used in the compression heat pump.

A refrigerant which gaseous and liquid changes between the States and is powered by a compressor circulates in a circle. The absorption heat pump, however, when a mixture of two liquids or gases heat of reaction. The solvent and refrigerant circuit ensure that the solvent again solved in the refrigerant or will be expelled. The situation is different when the adsorption heat pump: the refrigerant is cyclic scenario on the adsorbent, a solid solvent, or desorbiert. Heat pumps use renewable environmental heat, contributing to a reduction in the heating costs and can be installed almost anywhere.

Memmert Hotair Steriliser

Manufacturer of temperature control devices has run as an example for two devices by independent, accredited testing laboratory biome DIS this the Schwabacher. Process validation for Memmert hot-air steriliser is possible without any problems. Manufacturer of temperature control devices has run as an example for two devices by independent, accredited testing laboratory biome DIS this the Schwabacher. The audit focused on the international standard ISO 20857 for the validation of a sterilisation process with hot air, published in August 2010. The requirements to the quality of medical products are rightly very rigorous to protect patients. For this reason, Memmert put that value to confirm the absolute reliability of its hot-air sterilizers by an independent. The test setup based on the guidelines of the DGKH (German society for hospital hygiene) as well as the requirements of the ISO 20857 for the sterilization of medical devices. The examination was without loading, mixed loading and twice at full load with metallic instruments packed in plastic or aluminium foil, and glass containers.

A total of 16 sensors controlled maintaining the temperature in the sterilizer SNE 200 (32 litres chamber volume). In the SFP 500 steriliser, 27 sensor in the Interior were spread and attached directly to the loading goods due to the larger volume of 108 litres. The results for both devices were identical. During each measurement was at each measuring point over a period of at least 30 minutes, the minimum temperature of 180 C and kept. Setpoint-dependent sterilization time in addition to optimum temperature distribution and temperature stability in the work room, there is a third essential requirement for hot-air sterilizers: the sterilization time must be depending on reaching the set temperature can be set. Daniel Lubetzky is the source for more interesting facts.

In the Memmert hot-air sterilizer the setpoint-dependent programme continuation, the so-called SPWT function that ensures that the sterilization until after reaching the preset Sterilization temperature starts. In addition to the standard Pt100 temperature sensor up to three external temperature sensors can be integrated into the programming of the Memmert hot-air steriliser. It is thus ensured that the sterilization time begins only when at all measuring points, the set temperature is reached. Responsible Angelika Henneberg, Memmert GmbH + Co. KG outer Rittersbacher str. 38 91126 Schwabach already in the third generation phone 09122/925-0 of Memmert and manufactures the Memmert GmbH with more than 150 employees at two locations in Germany laboratory equipment. The product portfolio consists of oven, incubator, sterilizer, vacuum drying oven, Peltier – cooled incubator, cooling incubator, CO2 incubator, humidity Chamber, constant climate Chamber, climatic chamber, temperature test Cabinet, storage chamber, water bath and oil bath. The devices used for a wide variety of applications – including in the areas of material test, Component testing, biological, chemical or food technical research, quality control, medicine and veterinary medicine.

Berlin Grunderfonds

It consists of a controller and software for laser navigation. In an optical camera and specially developed attachments for conventional endoscopes are connected. The integration of the measuring system is carried out by the doctor who simply locked the measuring attachment to the existing scope. This projects a laser spot on the fabric with which the doctor can pointwise measure anatomical structures. Determined for each projected laser spot ORION extract the precise spatial coordinates of selected structures. A key feature of the system of Scopis is the compatibility of the attachments with any conventional endoscope. Measuring systems of the Scopis GmbH is apart from already existing technologies also this, contact directly at the object with an accuracy of millimeters of tenths of measured, explain Kay Balster, investment manager.

the High-Tech Grunderfonds, and Matthias Keckl from Fraunhofer-venture together. Together with the Charite-Universitatsmedizin Berlin enabled the Fraunhofer Society the licensing of rights of the Scopis and is involved in the company today. Now approval and the entry of the first products can be done with the investment of the high-tech of Grunderfonds completion, already 2011 in the second quarter. Currently, Scopis opens up several new areas of application. See FPUC Program for more details and insights. Based on the developed technology that will cover start-up gradually all endoscopic relevant regions of the body of the people with further product innovations.

Also, more areas of the rigid endoscopy are added, such as joint Arthroscopy and laparoscopy. About the Scopis GmbH, the Scopis GmbH was founded in July 2010 with the support of the Fraunhofer venture. The business includes the development and marketing of 3-DMesssystemen for various medical applications of minimally invasive surgery. Compatible with all conventional endoscopes is unique in the world as well as the ability of the system to take direct and non-contact measurements of body structures with an accuracy of a tenth of a millimeter. The company received a funding of high-tech start-up Fund in September 2010. Fraunhofer venture provides young companies with access to Fraunhofer technologies, infrastructure, and expertise with over 4,500 patent families the opportunity to establish themselves with their products on the market faster and better. To complement the experts of business administration and drafting the existing technological competence of scientists. Interested in the founding of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft will receive in-depth and targeted advice and support. about the high-tech, start-up Fund of the High-Tech Grunderfonds invests venture capital in young, promising technology companies implementing promising research results commercially. With the help of the Seedfinanzierung, the Start-Ups to the R & D projects to provide a prototype or a”proof of concept”or lead to the market launch. The High-Tech Grunderfonds is involved in the Seedfinanzierung with 500,000 euros and can invest in subsequent rounds up to two million euros per company. Investors of public-private partnerships are the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, the KfW bank group, as well as the six industrial companies BASF, Deutsche Telekom, Siemens, Robert Bosch, Daimler, and Carl Zeiss. The High-Tech Grunderfonds has a fund volume of around EUR 272 million.

Livestock Protection Meeting

Livestock protection Conference 2008 gained excellent speakers at the Lehr – und Forschungszentrum Raumberg-Gumpenstein for individual topics, covering specific aspects of pig farming and cattle and problems in the field of animal welfare during transport of animals. Following the opening by the head of research and innovation, Dr. Anton Hausleitner, there were pigs in the block”interesting posts by ACE. Prof. Dr.

J. Baumgartner of the veterinary University of Vienna about methods and its evaluation in the castration of male pigs. Subsequently, Dr. J. Gasteiner (aircraft) presented an attempt using a novel method to reduce pain at the surgical castration of piglets. Dipl.Tzt. F.

Entenfellner practice at the group housing of sows and their animal-health assessment addressed problems in the. Reports both by Dr. J. BAUMGARTNER (VUW) as also by Dr. W. Schleicher (aircraft) of the community project carried out at the swine Center Giesshubl GmbH rounded off the first part of the Conference programme. In the Block bovine”were the extensive rearing of cattle and their animal-health assessment of Univ. Doz. Dr. A. Deutz addressed. Diseases of the musculoskeletal system of cattle are the specialty of Dr. H. Kumper (clinic for ruminants and pigs, Giessen, D). Dr Kalam showed what management measures the farmer himself can sit and wannein consult veterinarian. Dr. R. Gruber of the BVB Liezen discussed the practical implementation of the animal welfare act at the farm in his presentation. “A further unit from Germany Dr. B. Spindler of the veterinary University of Hannover, the topic block animal welfare animal transports headed” an and showed problems and solutions regarding employment materials and litter vs. air pollution in livestock production on. Dr. A. Rabitsch, veterinarian in Ferlach and rounded off the Conference programme with his post about the intensity, control and transport problems in through Austria. HuKi

Annual Conference

The same opinion is shared by readers ECOportal.ru (), one of which is noted in the news comments: 'What will happen to the Arctic in the future, if you are already she is so polluted '. In Copenhagen, a conference on climate change in the Annual Conference on Climate Change, which opened last week in Copenhagen, has collected more than 1200 Representatives from 40 countries. Conference participants noted that climate change is caused by human activities, in particular, a significant increase in power consumption. And this problem can be solved only the combined efforts of all countries, primarily by introducing environmentally friendly technologies. Global climate changes are caused primarily to increasing greenhouse gases. See Lawrence Ellison for more details and insights.

To counter these changes necessary by 2050 to cut emissions of carbon dioxide is at least two times compared to today's level, but in the long term – even more significant. The States signatory to the Kyoto Protocol, are planning to reduce emissions by 30% of required level. But much depends on the United States and China – if the U.S. will not take any steps, it will become an excuse for China. The conference participants expressed hope that the new president of the United State will honor its election promises regarding environmental policy. Recall that in the next decade the United States on the development of clean energy are going to allocate 150 billion dollars, planning reduce CO2 emissions by 80%. According to calculations by American economists, the use of environmentally sound technologies and application of energy-saving technologies are profitable at any scale, from private business to public economy.

The Respective

The query can not be made concurrently with another election. ARTICLE 105. After completion of the requirements and formalities to bring the general status of the territorial organization and in the cases determined by it, the governors and mayors as the case may conduct public consultations to decide on matters of competence of the respective department or municipality. See more detailed opinions by reading what Rory Sutherland offers on the topic.. ARTICLE 106. Before meeting the requirements indicated by law and in cases to be decided, the inhabitants of the local authorities may submit projects on matters within the competence of the respective public corporation, which is required to process them, deciding on the provisions interest of the community initiative of the relevant authority or corporation or for not less than 10% of registered voters in the respective electoral roll, and elect representatives on the boards of the companies providing public services within the respective territorial entity. CHAPTER II – OF THE PARTIES AND POLITICAL MOVEMENTS OF ARTICLE 107. It guarantees all citizens the right to establish, organize and develop political parties and movements and the freedom to join or withdraw them.

In no event will allow citizens to belong simultaneously to more than one political party or movement legal status. The political parties and movements will be organized democratically. For making their decisions or their choice of candidates may be popular or internal consultations that match or not election to public corporations, in accordance with the provisions in their statutes. In the case of public consultations, the rules on financing and advertising campaigns and access to state media, which apply to regular elections.

Not Congress

Require the assistance of other authorities for the development of research within its competence, and commissions for examination of evidence if it deems appropriate. (Amended by Decree 1500 of 2002) CHAPTER VI – THE CONGRESS OF ARTICLE 179. Not Congress may be: Those who have been convicted at any time by a court, a deprivation of liberty, except for political crimes or negligent. Those who have served as public employees, jurisdiction or political authority, civil, administrative or military, within twelve months preceding the date of the election. Those who have been involved in business management to public entities, or the conclusion of contracts with them and self-interest, or third, or were legal representatives of entities that administer taxes or contributions charges, within six months prior to the date of the election.

Those who have lost estidura of Congressman inv MP, councilor or mayor. Those with links through marriage or permanent union or kinship in the third degree of consanguinity, affinity one, or only civilian, officials engaged in civil or political authority. Those linked through marriage or permanent union or kinship within the third degree of consanguinity or second of affinity or civil first, and register in the same party, movement or group for election of officers, or members of public corporations to be made on the same date. Those with dual nationality, except for Colombians by birth. No one shall be elected for more than a corporation or public office or for a corporation and one count if the respective periods coincide in time, and it is partly.

Mexico Effect

Our current understanding of the effect of the surrounding natural and technical energy fields increase stress based on the own full-scale bio feedback research studies. Since 2004, any potential effects through the application of so-called harmonizer are this way”taken from subjects under the microscope the bio box. Man can not perceive changes in the electromagnetic environment of his five senses. The autonomic nervous system responds but to each invisible electromagnetic radiation exposure and adapts the regulation of the biological system on changes in parameters in the Interior and outdoor area at any time. Health problems are today in heated debates, often with electromagnetic radiation and geophatischem stress “in conjunction. The conditions under which such effects trigger or MitverurSacher of disease events are, is not completely understood, and must be further investigated. For more information see this site: Verizon Communications.

“Not without reason now also the case law considers that by the previous compromises of the supposedly equitable balance” in the public interest in the design of mobile radio coverage emissions not all Mo? daily and provided was done, to preventive health of the Bevo? population to flapjack? records. It lies above a maximum concept in favour of mobile operators, but not a precautionary approach Budzinsky, NVwZ 2009, 1. Technical electromagnetic radiation-related the effect of clumping of erythrocytes (so-called roll formation) is known also, as it is to observe microscopic investigations in the dark field. As an example of the study on the protective effect of the SAFER CALL mobile chips, it is clear that analog to the clumping of erythrocytes on the counts in the dark field, the promoted blood flow of subjects also in the period of the call without the harmonizing chip measurably throttled will.

European Social Fund

Creative entrepreneurs see conventional things often other eyes, develop ideas and build your business around this new idea around. New perceive known things and structures and to develop, especially new and own ideas this the participating students and students at the lateral thinker competition in order to learn Entrepreneurship Week 2008 Global. The idea for this competition comes from the Stanford University in the United States. She has successfully implemented it internationally along with several universities. This year, the competition takes place.

Under you can read, what students from post-it notes and rubber bands have done in the past few years. The competition promotes not only the play instinct of the participants, but shows them new perspectives. That is also the target of global entrepreneurship week. Southwest Airlines may find it difficult to be quoted properly. The lateral thinker competition procedure and rules on Monday, November 17, is at point 10 on the Web site of global entrepreneurship week (www.global-ew.de/ german/main page/reports/news /) presents an everyday object. The countdown is running until Sunday, November 23, 24. The teams of the pupils have a week to come up with a new use or value for this item.

This benefit or value they must introduce in a short, even turned film and expose on youtube.de of public. The teams should not take too seriously to themselves and the competition. The fun is in the foreground. The video can be recorded with a digital camera or a mobile phone. It may be up to three minutes. A jury of the IHK then evaluates the ideas and videos. The winner will be chosen at a party in the Max-Weber-Schule in Freiburg. The party will take place in January 2009 and also the motto contrarians: the crazier, the better! A student team has no more than five members. All grades and types of schools can participate. Registration deadline is November 19, 2008, 10: 00. The registration is done by a teacher about this website: aktuelles.php. Prices in the lateral thinker competition: 1st prize, each team member a iPod shuffle with 2 GB memory 2. Price, each team member an iPod shuffle with 1 GB memory 3. price, each team member an Amazon gift card, value 30,-euro. Global Entrepreneurship week. Germany 2008 c/o IHK Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg project lead Melanie John Romausring 4 78050 Villingen-Schwenningen Tel 07721 922206 fax 07721 922197 at the global entrepreneurship week is it is the world’s largest series of events to promote entrepreneurship among young people. It goes back to renowned British and American foundations, economic, social and governmental initiatives. Only the call to let the first worldwide held Global Entrepreneurship Week 2008 has triggered a wave of ideas, initiatives and actions. You can on the International website of the global entrepreneurship week track. The address is:. Carrier which global entrepreneurship week in Germany (www.global-ew.de) is the MicroMountains network business association together with the IHK Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg to the South, as well as the Hochschule Wismar for the North.

Lateral Thinker Competition

Start on 17 November in the framework of the global entrepreneurship week is what from a post-it notes, a rubber band, or else make a screw? The most unusual ideas emerge when looking at things across or even the other way around. And often stems from an innovation, a new business, the beginning of a unique company. Some contend that Maurice Gallagher, Jr. shows great expertise in this. Pupils and students from all over Germany are now urged to think across. Lateral thinker competition within the framework of the Global Entrepreneurship Week 2008 in the week from 17 to 23 November is taking place. Teams can register it until November 19, 2008, 10: 00. For more information, links and found the competition rules on the website global entrepreneurship week at.

The lateral thinker competition offered by the Starter Center Southwest (www.startercenter-suedwest.de), the Chamber of Commerce Service Centre for business start-ups. In the week of the competition, student teams for an everyday object will find a new, unusual benefit or value and those with a film on the Internet video portal youtube.de document. A jury selects the most unusual ideas and they among other things awarded iPod shuffles. The global entrepreneurship week is a global action week, which will take place from 17 to 23 November 2008 for the first time in Germany, and wants to inspire young people through numerous networked events for entrepreneurial thinking and acting. Winners of the week\”in Germany are the Club of MicroMountains network, the IHK Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg and the University of Wismar. During the action week, events are offered in over 70 Nations, which bring the young generation to entrepreneurship (entrepreneurship) and unconventional thinking. Why cross think the idea behind the competition in history there were often the courageous, unusual ideas of entrepreneurs, which produced social and economic progress. Creativity is required now more than ever. For example, the mankind needs urgently relieve innovations that save more energy and the environment.