Baroque art has developed and flourished in Italy, where he worked leading architect and sculptor Bernini L., painter, head of democratic realism of Caravaggio, Carracci brothers, the followers of academic and other Baroque has been associated with nobility and church culture heyday of absolutism. Was intended to glorify the power of the church and the secular aristocracy, gravitated to the front of solemnity and pomp. During this period, there flowering of architecture, reflected in the creation of urban ensembles and grand palace and park complexes (Cathedral and St. Peter's Square in Rome, formed a colonnade of Bernini (1657-1663gg)). Fundamental feature of baroque can be consider his desire for synthesis of the arts combined into one ensemble of architecture, sculpture, paintings and decorative arts. In the fine art of this period was dominated by stories of which was based on dramatic conflict – religious, mythological or allegorical character.
Created formal portraits, intended to decorate the interiors. Baroque feature – no respect for the harmony of the Renaissance more emotional contact with the audience. Acquired great importance to the effects of composition, expressed in bold contrasts of scale, color, light and shadow. But in this case Baroque artists strive to achieve a rhythmic and color of unity, picturesque whole. Baroque became widespread in Flanders (the famous representatives of the Baroque in Flanders – PP Rubens, F. Snyders, J. Jordaens, A. van Dijk), in Spain, Portugal, southern Germany, in Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia, in western Ukraine, in Lithuania.
In France, the Baroque classicism with merged into a single magnificent style. (Italian barocco, letters .- quirky, strange) One of the dominant styles in European and arhitukture art late 16th to mid 18th century., a baroque era was confirmed in an intense composition of nations and nation-states (mainly the absolute monarchies). Baroque embodied new notions of unity, infinity and diversity of the world, its dramatic complexity and variability of the eternal, the interest in a real environment to the human elements of natural baroque replaced the humanistic and artistic culture of the Renaissance sophisticated subjectivism art of Mannerism.