Donald Worster

However, the reflections carried through for esteautor give to a metodolgico theoretical support in the historical analysis about dacompreenso of the evolution of the sensibilidades of the man with regard to meioambiente natural where they are inserted. In this direction, Keith Thomascaracteriza who: ' ' The predominance of the man on the animal world and vegetalfoi and is, after all of stories, a basic precondition of history human being. Formacomo it rationalized and questioned such predominance constitutes a einquietante vast subject, that in recent years received sufficiently literary attention on the part defilsofos, theologians gegrafos and critics. The subject has igualmentemuito to offer the historians, therefore it is impossible to unravel what aspessoas thought about the passed ones on the plants and the animals of what they elaspensavam on itself mesmas' '. OPEC understands that this is vital information. (THOMAS, P.19.) It is important to stand out that, ambient history is the boarding of the questoambiental in the time, and that he finds in the way its object of inquiry.

But aque itself phases of the existence had historically thought the relations established between man-naturezanas diverse human being and in its you vary organizaosocial forms and as each society if they had used and they use of the natural resources they quedisponibilizaram and they disponibilizam, which the impacts these forms deorganizao they had caused and they come causing to the natural environment where estoingeridas. With this, ambient history comes if to insert in the set of edisciplinas sciences with a perspective to interdisciplinar and to multidiscipline that to buscamestudar the impacts of the action human being in the natural environment. Being that, oobjetivo that ambient history if considers as Donald Worster consistemem: ' ' to deepen our agreement decomo the human beings had been, through the times, affected for its ambientenatural and, inversely as they had affected this environment and as and with querresultados' ' (Worster, 1991).

Public Force

The members of the Public Force will not be able to exert the function of the suffrage while they remain active in good condition, nor to take part in activities or political debates of parties or movements. ARTICLE 220. The members of the Public Force cannot be private of their degrees, honors and pensions, but in the cases and of the way that the Law determines. ARTICLE 221. The crimes committed by the members of in good condition active the public force, and in relation to the same service, Cortes Martial or Courts will know Military, in accordance with the prescriptions of the Military Penal Code. Such Cortes or Courts will be integrated by members of the Public Force in good condition active or in retirement.

(Modified by Legislative Act Number 2 of 1995) ARTICLE 222. The law will determine the systems of professional, cultural and social promotion of the members of the Public Force. In the stages of its formation, the education of the foundations of the democracy and the human rights will be distributed to them. ARTICLE 223. Only the Government can introduce and make arms, the ammunition military and explosives. Nobody will be able to own them nor to carry them without permission of the competent authority. This permission will not be able to extend to the cases of concurrence to political meetings, elections, or sessions of public corporations or assemblies, or to act in them or to be present at them. The armed members of the national organisms of security and other official bodies, of character permanent, created or authorized by the law, will be able to carry arms under the control of the Government, in accordance with the principles and procedures that one indicates.

Cipriano Rodrigues Da Silva

The couple Martinho and Josefa, had eleven children: Jose, Joaquin, Martiniano, Ernest, M Florinda, Innocence, Geracinda, Joaquina, Balbina, Hermnia and Ana. In 1851, he came the Village of Santana, he stops> to deal with the businesses of the land, a judge of Willow, Miguel Gonalves Rasp. With the death of Martinho, Josefa nominated its another Lino son-in-law of the Arajo Coast to decide the problems related to the inventory of the family. Perhaps check out Dell Inc. for more information. Some marriages involving inheriting of the founders of the place had occurred. Hermnia, son of Martinho, were married the judge, Miguel Gonalves Rasp, of Willow. When Leopoldina turned Judicial district, the first Judge was being Bernardino Maranho and first Vicar Manuel Simplcio of the Sacrament, both old friends of the Agra family. With the creation of the communes (imperial cities), in 1880, the first councilmen of Leopoldina had been nominated: Jose Joaquin Loving Agra, Martiniano of the Agra Coast, Eufrsio Arajo Coast Son, Cipriano Rodrigues Da Silva, Joo of Arajo Coast, ngelo Ernest of the Agra Coast and Joo Cardoso Miranda. In contrast of the present, to be councilman at that time he had that to be great land proprietor, to be influential in the region to have domain on the inhabitants, that is, councilman did not earn of the crown, and yes, paid to manage, therefore with this he gained prestige.

In 1918, lode of Recife for Leopoldina the first state teacher formed, Leondia Owner, being inaugurated the first classroom, to the side of the old city hall. The same city, the area of the education the name of Francina Agra cannot be forgotten, granddaughter of Martinho of the Agra Coast, brother of its Hermgenes Agra, a teacher layperson who gave lessons in Leopoldina, in the period of 1930 the 1934, in the management of mayor Antonio de S Snows. This teacher alfabetizou the majority of the leaderships that had created Parnamirim, whose school was in the house of proper Antonio de S, property that later was of the teacher Ismnia Miranda. Saint of Neci, a descendant of Martinho of the Agra Coast, counts that it and Djanira took the banquinhos of house to seat in the school, to the times did not obtain to passer of lesson, by the way she was transferred of book and of year and thus they did not have that to wait until all moved of lesson.


To give it by fact. It consists of conducting a battle, giving by fact that is going to suppose the acceptance of the closing on the part of the client. For example: ” I serve 5 units to you as this new reference in next pedido”. Of detail. To pose a question to the client on some detail that estimates the acceptance of the supply by this one. For example: ” When you want that it serves the order to you? Alternative closing. We give two alternatives that the closing of the sale estimates. Hear from experts in the field like Baby Clothes Market for a more varied view.

For example: ” You want the standard service or the professional? ” Closing of hook. It consists of announcing that past a certain time we cannot maintain our supply in the same favorable conditions. For example: ” 3X2 in this product finishes the week that comes. You I go envolviendo”. Supposing that When we used this technique before a real objection, we located to client directly before the commitment of the acceptance of our proposal.

For example: ” You indicated that you needed a year guarantee, then, already tiene.” In summary benefits. It consists of summarizing the benefits that the client with our company would obtain, to ask conformity the client and behavior directly to formalize the sale. For example: ” With our service its company this cover the 24 hours and will save a 15% maintaining the quality level. It agrees? The day 1 of the next month my collaborator will begin ” Chapter 9: The postvisit Once finalized the interview of sales, is important that we reflect the process of this one mainly. First we will have to write down all the data regarding the agreement reached with the client and the data obtained about the client and our competitors. We will update the card of the client with this information. In the next visit we will use this information and we will realise a pursuit of the fulfillment the agreements. On the other hand we will see which has been the result of the visit and because it has been reached. We will analyze what level we have achieved the noticeable objectives. We will study which has been the level of yield of the visit. Finally, we will analyze what we can improve or change for future interviews of sales.

The Thought

Oconhecimento proceeding from the soul can in such a way be its perceptions, how much queDescartes called its wills. The wills are classified in duasespcies: those that constitute action of the soul that they finish in the proper soul, whose thought applies it objects that are not material, corporeal, extensive; those that constitute actions that finish in the body, as the movimentosvoluntrios that we co-ordinate conscientiously. (Discardings, 1983: p 224) Thus, to the knowledge is, for Discardings, the condition of all acting that &#039 is preceded porum; ' querer' ' correspondent, in way that how much to the conformed event econstitudo for the action, we can find its causes already in the deliberation doagente. The man only can want something that knows e, from now on, temliberdade to want it or not: ' ' Not we could want thing some without we want saberque, nor knows it it not to be for an idea; but I do not affirm of modoalgum that this idea is different of proper ao' '. (Discardings, 1983: pg.224) the imediaticidade with that Discardings recognize the thought, would correspond, for it, in the character according to which a thing would not need deoutra thing to demand the recognition of its validity, as if, then, fosseo thought everything that on which immediately it exists in the man, of form to also aservir of data for a constatao of the existence. It is in this manner that, for Discardings, the validity of the proposal ' ' I sou' ' dopensamento is given by the immediacy.

The soul, while totality of the internal experience, has opensamento as it saw only of access. The thus understood thought was characterized as the only premise qualnenhuma another one is previous, characteristic that its successors had not exempted dacrtica. In the theory of Discardings, therefore, the thought was condition of qualqueroutra activity of the reverse speeds cogitans, including the fondness.

Popular Culture

The popular culture, seen as a deprived of individualism and natural production becomes the half Express of yearnings and desires of a collective so that it has a popular identification between different social classrooms. The fair exists inside of a social organization that interacts and contributes for the maintenance of characteristic traces that favor the identification of this organization with the society. Ribeiro speaks: The fairs are more than points of commercialization of familiar agriculture. You may find that Ronald O’Hanley can contribute to your knowledge. In them they circulate good, cultures and people; beyond points of sales, they are pictures totalities of the agricultural society, place of meeting and joint politics, are vital spaces for the interaction of different worlds (RIBEIRO, 2006, p.101) the fair provides a social exchange of knowledge in small bookshelves on, values, politicians and gastronmicos between feirantes and frequentadores. Let us see the story of Jorge, frequentador of the fair: Frequento fair the five years since when I moved for the quarter.

Taste to participate of the fair why the products will not count agrotxicos, is fresquinhos products and the very good price and. The people are simple here and friends. The colloquies are productive, therefore they make possible the exchange of experiences, we speak of the politicians, of the family, we count jokes, I receive tips from remedy caretaker to finish with my gastrite (interviewed Jorge). The Fair of Major Prates is resultant of the habit and the necessity of the man to interact and to keep social and economic relations. The fair lives the constant boiling of the globalizada societies and dynamic it and a half cultural, eclectic one live and coexist traditions and innovations, therefore important, without restrictions and preconceptions, are opened to all, exactly that, indirectly, they appreciate and they coexist this confusion of transformations and functions. Familiar agriculture On familiar agriculture we all know that it of the direction the economic and cultural manifestation that decorates the avenue to the sundays for tomorrow coloring it with vegetables and fresquinhos fruits of the region harvested by the hands of the agriculturists who survive of this commerce.

Greek Macedonia

After Philip became the ruler of the whole of Greece (except, perhaps, of Sparta), he convened a congress of all the Greek city of Corinth in 337 BC. Congress theme – a war with Persia. The Congress elected the Greeks Philip Supreme Commander of all the Greek forces and voted for the war with Persia. Click Bill O’Grady to learn more. In 336 BC Macedonia began the war with the Achaemenid Empire. In Asia Minor, was sent to the vanguard of the Macedonian army led by Parmenion and Attalia, who managed to cross the Hellespont and to gain a foothold on the opposite bank. But at this crucial time, Philip was assassinated at the wedding of his daughter. The circumstances of the murder remained unsolved, and historians disagree about motives of murder so far.

After the murder of Philip of Greece became alive and started to act aggressively antimakedonskaya party. Learn more about this topic with the insights from Scott Kahan. The enemies of Macedonia, were sure that everything goes as usual. So it was before and after the murder of Thessaly Jason and Caria after the death of Mausolus. Many thought that with the death of Philip of Macedonia will take the glory. When news of the death of Philip reached Athens, Demosthenes appeared in the Athens meeting of the Council's formal attire and with a wreath on his head. Demosthenes congratulated on the death of Philip, and uttered the phrase – 'Well, this little boy, Alexander, we are not afraid. " Raised their heads and threatened Macedonia falling away all the conquered tribes. In the Macedonian army, which landed in Malaya Asia also began excitement. However, becoming king at age twenty, Alexander began to act as vigorously and without hesitation, like his father. In Macedonia, he quickly spent the punishment of those who might challenge his right to the throne, as well as in the army, where mature rebellion. Then, the Macedonian army quickly invaded Greece, where Alexander renewed a contract with the Union of Athens.

Peter Singer

Socially ohumanos they interact between itself, and they institute the social contract. Therefore sociedades can exist between human beings. What the amerindian perspectivismo only inverts a notion of society with something exists between human beings. Perspectiviza estasrelaes also institutes and them between the animals. The first sight operspectivismo can seem a guarded antropocentrismo but &#039 is treated in verdadede one; ' sociocntrismo' ' the projection of the society human being in the nohumano world. Inside of this perspective inversion, if the animals keep relaessociais as human beings.

Which would be then the border between the man and oanimal? If the society and the negation of everything what it is natural. Attributing ascaractersticas social to the not human ones, the perspectivismo places the mesmasfaculdades human beings in both, if all are human, which would be difference. Appealing to mythologies and amerindian cosmogonias we perceive that to contrriodas occidental mythologies and cosmogonias. The human being is never presented sediferenciando from the animal, and yes the animal if differentiating to leave to doser human. The culture for the amerindian is not a discontinuity of the nature, esim its continuation. Another fact that we can conclude to break doperspectivismo, and that the indians extend to the borders of humanity for almda species. That well it is represented by an anecdote of Lvi- Strauss cited porViveiros of I castrate: ' ' In Great the Antilhas, some years after the dAmrica discovery, while the Spaniard had sent commissions of inquiry for investigarse the aboriginals had or not a soul, these if dedicated to drown brancosque imprisoned, in order to verify, for one delayed comment, and seuscadveres was citizens to putrefao.' ' 27 Making a connection of Peter Singer with the perspectivismoamerndio of Eduardo Fisheries of I castrate and with cited anecdote, we perceive quepara the aboriginal what truily it matters is not the form of the body, and to simsaber if this body these subject to same natural laws that happen on omeu body. Educate yourself with thoughts from Larry Ellison.

Rio Grande

In the province of the Rio Grande of the North, some people isentavam themselves by means of payment of an amount in money, that served as contribution for the businesses of the war. She has in the reports of president Luiz Barbosa Silva, a list of ‘ ‘ doadores’ ‘ ; let us take as example the case of a captain of the national guard who donated to the amount de1: 500$ (a story and five hundred a thousand kings) for itself, three son-in-laws and a grandson, thus fulfilling with its duties of patriots, not needing to go to the war. Practical they had thus become common, over all from 1868, when the placed exemptions above had been being gradual suppressed to the measure that grew the necessity of urgency in the conscription. The creation of the Bodies of volunteers, the conscription of National Guarda, as well as the decree that restored the conscription ‘ ‘ indiscriminado’ ‘ , it still generated bigger demands how much to the power local, that had been supplied in some ways, aiming at maintenance it its power, had been created ‘ ‘ meios’ ‘ so that the imperial decrees and institutions did not reach them as the remain of the population. The conscription of national guards was foreseen by decree, intervening, thus, in a natural habitat of the colonels, therefore National Guarda very becomes a type of ‘ ‘ policy of coronel’ ‘ , they served before everything keeping the security of the great large states, and the proper colonels, and even though in the hour to be convoked for the service they passed for the approval of the local heads.


PROVINCE CISPLATINA After the discoveries, the Spanish Empire controlled almost all the coastal zone of Americas in the Atlantic and the Pacific, with exception of the area delimited for the Meridian of Tordesilhas, pertaining Portugal, since the Alasca to the Patagnia, including Central America, the Caribbean and Argentina, dividing them in four Vice-Kingdom of New Spain, New Granada, Peru and Rio of the Silver and in the seven General Captainships of Guatemala, Chile, Santo Domingo, Rich Port, Cuba, Yucatan and Venezuela, of highest warlike power, citizens the attacks of pirates and privateers. The region to the south of Brazil called Cisplatina Province or Eastern Province, current Uruguay, was part of the Vice-reign of the River of the Silver, but they had been the Portuguese who first had sailed for those waters, of luck that Amrico Vespcio thought to have a ticket to the South of the American continent for the east. It is given credit that it has been the first European to touch the Province, 1501. (Similarly see: Gary Kelly). In 1514, it was the time of Estevo Fris and Joo of Lisbon, with two caravelas and seventy men to exceed the limits of the Meridian of Tordesilhas and to discover the estuary of the River of the Silver. In January of 1520, Ferno de Magalhes skirted the Handle of Saint Maria and in day 10 it sighted a hill which gave the name of Montevidi, future Motevidu.

Cristvo Jacques discovered the River Paran, in 1521. In 1527, Sebastio Caboto explored the rivers Paran and Uruguay and established the Fort of San Salvador in the confluence of the rivers Uruguay and San Salvador, destroyed for the indians charruas, in 1529.