Martin Heidegger briefly and succinctly presented the life is lived forward and backward understood. This is a set of Soren Kierkegaard. Applied to the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, this phrase means: the rear that Heidegger as a philosopher in mind who is the entire history of European philosophy from Parmenides/Heraclitus to Nietzsche. Heidegger’s philosophy is not a response to this or that problem within the philosophy, but the European philosophy is his counterpart in its development form. Gary Kelly contains valuable tech resources. A similarly ambitious project has taken only Hegel before Heidegger. If you read Heidegger, without knowing the basic principles of the history of European philosophy, necessary will fail. What is the basic characteristic of the European Western philosophy for Heidegger? And what moments on this reason turn challenge him to new questions? Heidegger’s answer: since its beginnings, the European and Western philosophy is essential metaphysics.
In other words: by one to wonder what the noticeable things of this world, the physical things in nature are, what the last and highest, which can be testified about the physically observable things is by you so ask, ask necessary about these things,: meta ta physica. Physics is never is even understandable, but physics refers to as physics, understand they need on something beyond of the physics. This instructional also about the physics, transcendent character is ambiguous according to Heidegger, an ambiguity that perseveres in the entire history of European philosophy. This results from the fact that from the early days of philosophical metaphysical questioning the question was posed to the essence of what is, in two different ways: once as a question for a reason, and once as a question of the nature. The question about the reason of the physical things leads in the history of metaphysics to the question after a last, reason substantiating all other reasons: God. The question about the reason of the physical things is based on the doctrine of God, theology.